Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing
Geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) is a method of specifying geometry of physical objects on conventional or CAD drawings, along with allowable variations (tolerances) in form, size and orientation.
Note: Use of GD&T is optional and NOT needed to design and make parts in eMachineShop – see Tolerancing.
One of the most common standards for GD&T is ANSI Y14.5.
GD&T uses rectangular blocks:
… which include:
- A GD&T symbol
- A tolerance
- When needed, up to 3 letters that correspond to datums (from which measurement is to be made).
The above block would be read, "The position of the feature shall be according to the dimensions given, +/- 0.003, as measured from datums A and B." Datums are the lines or planes from which measurements are to be taken – often the lowest and leftmost part of a basically rectangular workpiece or the center of a basically round part.
If you need custom mechanical parts machined – we would be pleased to quote your job using conventional CAD files or you can use our unique free CAD software where you can: design your part quickly and easily, get instant pricing, and order online.